v


va'nu̱jva'nuj¹1qthreetres2cardnumthreetres8.1.1.1Cardinal numbersNúmeros cardinalescfya'núj1
va'nu̱j ya̱numsixtysesenta
vaavaa³²1viexistexistirAtaa doj gaa chraa.There are still no tortillas.Todavía no hay tortillas.¿Vaa nocuáá soj na'.How are you (plural)?¿Cómo están ustedes?vaa suun2copbeserTaj a̱ 'o̱ güii ni xcaj raa̱ ní' me che'e̱ yuvii̱ vaa da̱j me ní' mene̱.We never think about why we are this kind of people.No reflexionamos ningún día el porqué somos este tipo de personas. Nana̱ na 32.13vseemparece4prtaffirmative particle at end of sentencepartícula afirmativa al fin de un fraseA'yuj ro' quisi̱j 'o̱ güii naca̱ rihaan chumii̱ vaa ne̱.It could be that tomorrow a new sun will come for the worldParece que mañana, saldrá un nuevo sol para el mundoNana̱ na 10.1A'yuj ro' quisi̱j 'o̱ güii naca̱ rihaan chumii̱ vaa ne̱.It could be that tomorrow a new sun will come for the worldParece que mañana, saldrá un nuevo sol para el mundoNana̱ na 10.1Nana̱ nihánj me se, nó xcúún nij xnii cuno̱ xre̱j nij so' vaa ne̱.Boys have the obligation listen to these words.Quienes tienen la obligación de esuchar estas palabras son los niños.Nana̱ na 13.1Ní' síí me síí chiha̱n' me se, a̱ se vaj ne̱ quisj n' vi̱j míj yo' ne̱, a̱ se vaj ne̱, quisj n' va'nu̱j míj yo' ne̱, mn n' rihaan chumii̱ vaa ne̱. We, the native people of Copala, have passed two thousand years, and hopefully will live for three thousand years in this world.Nosotros, los nativos de Copala, a lo mejor hemos llegado a dos mil años, a lo mejor hemos llegado a los tres mil años viviendo en este mundo, así parece. Nana̱ na 30.1Hollenbach sketch p. 216 writes 'The verbs vaa³² 'to exist' and uun¹ 'to become' often take a sentence of any type as a subject complement with no complementizer. These verbs serve to affirm the truth of the complement sentence, and they can follow the complement as well as precede it'. Some of our examples (Tomorrow a new sun will come for the world; hopefully will live for three thousand years in the world), however, don't precisely affirm the truth of the complement, so much as express hope or faith in the truth of the complement.5vexist (with a following psychological verb/adjective)existir (con un verbo o adjectivo psicológico siguíente)Vaa che' ga̱a̱ nucua̱j r ní' man Diose̱, ne̱ Diose̱ me síí canacúún man soj gu̱un tuvi̱' soj ga̱ ta'níí so' Jesucrist si̱j 'ni̱j ra'a man ní' ado̱nj.Indeed, because we have confidence in God, and God has called you to become friends with his son, Jesus Christ, our Lord1CO 1:9Tza̱j ne̱ vaa va'nu̱j suun sa̱' no̱ xcúún ní' qui'ya̱j ní' cuano̱, ne̱ dan me se gu̱un nucua̱j r ní' man Diose̱, ne̱ gu̱un ya̱ r ní' se vaa ya̱ cavi̱i̱ sa̱' ní', ne̱ ga̱a̱ 'e̱e̱ r ní' tuvi' ní' a. There are three good things that we do now, and they are that we have faith in God, and that we be convinced that things will truly turn out well for us, and that we love our friends and family.1CO 13:13aSese ina̱nj gu̱un r 'u̱nj ga̱a̱ niha̱' r yuvii̱ ni̱'yaj yuvii̱ mán 'u̱nj, ne̱ nuveé si̱j 'yaj suun che'é Jesucrist m 'u̱nj a̱ man chugua̱nj.If I only wanted people to be happy with me, then I would not be one who works for Jesus.GAL 1:10e6vbe, existNe̱ ga̱a va̱j so' ga̱ nij apstol, ne̱ cataj xna'anj so' rihaan nij so' se vaa: On one occasion when he was with the apostles, he gave them this command...Cuando todavía estaba con los apóstoles, él les advirtió...ACT 1:4a
vaa 'nújdial. var. ofvaa i'nújbe free to
vaa güiiadvsome day, in the future
vaa i'nújvaa³² i'nuj⁵vbe free toestar libre para ...ne̱ ne vaa ya'núj rihaan núj cha̱ núj... ..and we are not free to eat2CO 6:4-5bVaa i'núj rihaan so̠' ca'anj gu:ii cuan' na'?Will you be free this afternoon?Estarás libre hoy en la tarde?Vaa i'núj rihaan so̠' cuan' ne̠ qui'ya̠j suun so̠' rihanj na'?Are you free to work for me today?Estarás libre hoy para que trabajes por mí?This is followed by the prepositional phrase rihaan NP and a clause in the potential aspect, where the NP object of rihaan controls the subject of the subordinate clause.vaa 'núj
vaa najuicyjugoso1.2.3.1LiquidLíquido
vaa ne̱e̱vaa³² nee¹adjnakeddesnudoVaane̱e̱ ne'ej.The baby is naked. El bebé está desnudo.
Vaa nocuáá 'u̱njVaa³² nocuaa⁵ 'unj¹phraseI am well
Vaa nocuáá so' (a)Vaa³² nocuaa⁵ zo' (a³²)phraseHow are you (singular)?¿Vaa nocuáá soj na'?How are you (plural)?Vaa nocuáá José na̱'.How is Jose?Vaa nocuáá 'u̱njI am wellNe vaa nocuáá 'u̱nj.I am not wellPhrasePhrase
vaa suunvaa³² zuun³²vbe responsible fortener responsibilidadSese vaa suun rihaan yo'ó ní' gu̱un chij ní' rihaan tuvi' ní', ne̱ qui'ya̱j suun uxrá ní' ni̱caj yu'unj ní' man tuvi' ní' á. If some of us are responsible for leading our friends, then we will work to support our friends.Si es nuestra responsibilidad de dirigir, que dirijamos para apoyar a nuestos amigos.ROM 12:8cThe person(s) who are responsible are normally introduced after rihaan, and the following verb is in the potential.La persona que tiene la responsibilidad aparece despues de rihaan, y el verbo que sigue está en el aspecto potencial.vaa 1existsuun2work office difficult responsibility actions
vaa xe̱jvaa³² xej²vbe in harmonyestar en harmonía
vajvaj³²v1movemoverse2be (a certain age)tener (años)Cha'nu̱j yo' vaj ta'nij xníí. My son is thirteen.Mi hijo tiene trece años.3to be in process estar en procesova̱j
vájvaj⁵vgrind (on a metate)molerNi'yaa̱n váj chana̱ nihajThe woman grinds the soaked corn in the morning5.2.1.2.2Pound in mortar and pestleMoler en molcajete
va̱jdial. var. ofvajmove to be in process be?
vaj ne̱vaj³² ne²advpossiblyposiblemente
vata̱n'cardnumsixseis8.1.1.1Cardinal numbersNúmeros cardinales
ve've'³nhousecasaÑáán xniir ve'.The child is inside the house.The possessed form is tocua4cftocuáve' guun chuvi̱i se cha̱kitchen
ve' guun chuvi̱i se cha̱nkitchencocinave'houseuunbecomechuvi̱i1prepared, cookedse cha̱food
ve'éve'e⁴1adjgood, beautifulbueno, bonito2Adv-PreVwellbienChe' dan cataj Pedr se vaa catu̱u̱ nij so' r ve', ne̱ ve' ca'mii so' ga̱ nij so' a. Then Peter invited the men into the house to be his guests. ACT 10:23aNda̱anihánj ro', me ve' tarquee̱ soj qui'yaj soj nda̱a vaano xcúún 'o̱ 'o̱ soj rihaan chiháán ní'.Now each of you fight hard and fulfill your obligations for our town.Luchen bien y hagan lo que es la obligación de cada uno de ustedes para nuestros pueblos.Nana̱ na 30.3
ve'ee̱ve'ee³¹vpain, achedolerJuan ve'ee̱ rque. Juan has a stomach ache.Juan tiene dolor de estómago. The subject of this verb is usually a body part.El sujeto de este verbo normalmente es un parte del cuerpo.
veévee⁴1correlconnmight be; either...orno importe; puede sertaj a̱ 'o̱ rej cano̱ ní', se veé daj gaa ní' cuma̱n n' rihaan chiháán n'. there is no other destination to reach if we keep living this way in our towns.no existe otro propósito que alcanzar si seguimos viviendo así en nuestros pueblos.Nana̱ na 8.12affirmativeaffirmativeVeé da̱j guun ga̱ gaa rumi̱' chumiia.Así pasó cuando el mundo estaba oscuro.El sol y 68.1Veé cunuda̱nj ya̱ sa'anj quita'aa rój che' yo'óó me yo' ei taj no' a.Yes, that is truly all the money that we took for the land, she said. “Yes,” she said, “that is the price.”ACT 5:8c
veé dan (ne̱)vee⁴ dan³² (ne²)1correlconnafter thatdespues de este2advin that wayveé dan ne̱
veé dan ne̱fr. var. ofveé dan (ne̱)after that in that way

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